Receiving an infertility diagnosis might feel like the end of the world — but it’s not. With advanced technologies, innovations in medical care, and the help of a fertility expert, you may very well be able to conceive.
Dr. Richard Farnam of Texas Urogynecology & Laser Surgery Center explains infertility and your treatment options.
What is infertility?
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a child after trying for one year or longer, without using any form of contraception. If you’re having trouble conceiving, Dr. Farnam first asks you about your sexual habits and makes recommendations to help you better your chances of becoming pregnant.
If the inability to conceive persists, Dr. Farnam may order fertility evaluation tests. If your test results indicate that you’re infertile, Dr. Farnam guides you through your options and recommends the best course of treatment.
Infertility treatment options
Infertility treatment depends largely on the cause, and whether the male partner or the female partner is infertile. Other factors that affect your treatment options include your age and your partner’s age, how long you’ve been infertile, and personal preferences for treatment.
Your treatment options for infertility include:
Lifestyle counseling: Many lifestyle factors affect your ability to conceive, including alcohol and substance use, diet, medications, exercise, and frequency and timing of intercourse. Dr. Farnam can help you understand which lifestyle changes may help you conceive.
Medications for men: Some medications may improve sperm count or quality in men, improving your chances of conception.
Surgery for men: If the male partner in the relationship has a sperm blockage, a reversal surgery may solve infertility. Another common surgery is for a varicocele, a condition where the veins in the scrotum become inflamed.
Sperm retrieval: When ejaculation is the problem, sperm retrieval might be the most effective way to beat infertility.
Medications for women: Many women become infertile due to ovulation disorders. Ovulation-inducing medications can increase your chances of conceiving.
Intrauterine insemination: This procedure involves placing healthy sperm directly into the uterus during ovulation.
Surgery for women: Some women experience infertility due to uterine issues, such as endometriosis, fibroids, polyps, and scar tissue. Surgery for these conditions can sometimes restore fertility.
In vitro fertilization: The most effective and well-known treatment for infertility, in vitro fertilization involves egg stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization of the eggs in a lab, and an embryo transfer.
If you’ve received an infertility diagnosis, Dr. Farnam is here to guide you through it and help you determine the best course of treatment. To learn more or to set up a consultation, call Texas Urogynecology & Laser Surgery Center today.